Benzo Addiction Withdrawal

Benzo Addiction Withdrawal

The major problem encountered with Benzo use even in the short term is the rapid development of drug tolerance and dependence. The pharmacological effects of Benzo decrease as tolerance develops, especially the effect of the drug as a muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant along with its hypnotic and sedative effects. The tolerance for the drug in anxiety related conditions builds up more slowly and tolerance for the amnesic effect is hardly ever witnessed.

Two drugs are most often used to treat Benzo withdrawal. These are Diazepam 5mg and Diazepam 2mg. Chlordiazepoxide 5 mg is also sometimes used. These drugs have a long elimination life and are effective in treating Benzo addiction withdrawal. Withdrawal symptoms occur even when the drug is stopped by people who have used it for only a short period of four weeks.

Benzo Addiction Rebound symptoms also occur and the symptoms for which the patient was receiving treatment by taking Benzo return in an even more severe form than before the drug was administered. Some of the signs and symptoms that are linked to these drugs are.

  • Tremors
  • Insomnia
  • Agitation
  • Fearfulness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Gastric problems

Benzo Addiction Withdrawal

Benzo Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Deliria
  • Sweating
  • Seizures
  • Psychosis
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Derealization
  • Depersonalization
  • Suicidal behavior

If the withdrawal is done too rapidly, these symptoms can be very severe, therefore a gradual withdrawal program is recommended.

Even with a gradual reduction in the dosages of the Benzo that the patient was using, withdrawal symptoms might still occur but they will be less severe. However, in some patients, these can be experienced for several months after stopping the use of Benzo. These will, however, disappear with time. For a well-managed withdrawal program, most of these symptoms can be tolerated by the patient. If the withdrawal is performed too fast, there is an increased risk of the user relapsing and going back to full time use of the drug. Psychological support is necessary to manage withdrawal in patients.

The time that a patient takes before successfully withdrawing completely from the drug varies and can be between four weeks and several years. The major determinant of how long this period will be is the dosage that the user was taking and the particular Benzo drug that they were using. An average of six months or less is ok. Other factors that influence this period are the personality of the user, lifestyle choices and environmental stress.

Diazepam is used most of the time for managing withdrawal due to its long half-life which means that it stays in the body longer. Diazepam is also preferred because it comes in liquid form which allows for small doses to be successfully administered. It is strongly advisable to avoid antibiotics which are based on fluoroquinolone. This is because these drugs have an anatagonistic effect when compared to Benzo and can therefore aggravate the withdrawal symptoms. Alcohol is also best avoided.

Other drugs that should be avoided during withdrawal are central nervous system depressants and drugs such as olanzapine, clozapine and phenothiazines. Most long term users of Benzo benefit from the withdrawal. They will benefit from improved health both physically and mentally.

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